Morphine can be melted in water and somewhat soluble in alcohol. Morphine sulfate looks similar to a feathery, white, cubical mass of crystals, or white crystalline powder, silky crystal. Morphine is significantly has more water-soluble than any other opioid in clinical use. Morphine has water coefficient of 1.42 at pH 7 or 4a pKa of 7.9, with an octanol. The tertiary amino cluster is naturally ionized at that range of pH, that produce molecule water-soluble.
What does morphine do?
Morphine is an extremely strong opiate analgesic drug and is the most important active agent in opium and the prototypical opioid. It is also a natural endocrine product in humans and other animals. Like other opioids, diacetylmorphine or commonly know as heroin, morphine targets directly the central nervous system (CNS) to alleviate pain, and at synapses of the nucleus accumbens in particular.
Why is morphine so addicting?
Morphine is extremely addictive when compared to other substances; physical, tolerance and psychological dependences build up very rapidly. Withdrawal from morphine causes nausea, tearing, yawning, chills, and sweating lasting up to three days. Morphine crosses the placental barrier, and babies born to morphine-using mothers go through withdrawal.
Addictive drugs, such as morphine, trigger the brain’s reward systems. The promise of reward is very powerful, causing the individual to yearn for morphine and to center his or her attention activities on the taking of morphine. The capacity to chemically alter the normal functioning of these systems can produce a morphine addiction and its capability of morphine to powerfully activate brain reward mechanisms. Morphine also reduces a person’s level of awareness, harming the ability to imagine or be entirely responsive of present atmosphere.
Get help for morphine addiction
Self-detoxification from morphine can be tremendously dangerous. Morphine dependence withdrawal can cause physical and emotional suffering as well as heart attack, stroke, and even death.